500 years ago, when Venice was mentioned, one would certainly think of many other things; According to the legend, 25 Man was established on Friday of 421, gained independence in the 9th century, possessing many strategic points on the coasts and islands of the Adriatic and Aegean seas, and even seizing Cyprus, with more of its military power than western and eastern Europe. a republic that provides maritime trade and is often the close ally of the Ottoman Empire, the arch-enemy of the time. The difference that makes Venice a great trading power by making it different from the other states of its era is based on a very simple detail, trading with Muslim countries that other Christian states refuse to do. Venice, one of the richest cities in Italy during the Renaissance, pays large taxes if necessary for 1,100 years, but still does not surrender to any power, including the Ottoman Empire; until Napoleon invaded Venice in 1797. After 1866, Venice became a city of Italy.
Today’s Venice .. Nowadays, when it comes to Venice, other things that come to mind are gondolas and canals. The historic center of Venice consists of 118 islands connected by close to 400 bridges. So many cities in Europe that pass through the canal, Stockholm, Petereburg, Amsterdam, Bruges, always boast of the same name: the Venice of the North. In fact, even this is enough to tell us how original Venice is. The word gondola is first seen in history in the early 1100s, but its appearance is quite different from the present. It is at the end of the 17th century that they reach their current dimensions and shapes. All gondolas are 10.87 meters long and 1.42 meters wide as standard. A gondola consists of about 300 pieces and is made of oak, linden, walnut, fir, elm, mahogany. A gondola fleet of 500 fleets is currently showing tourists through the canals. Every year, four new gondolas are produced at the gondola shipyards and introduced to the Venetian canals.
Venice and the carnival spirit
Of course, apart from the gondola and canal, there is another big event hosted by Venice during the year; Venice Carnival. During the traditional festival times, which took place from January 26th to February 12th this year, the city took on a whole new mood. Undoubtedly, the number of people from the most different nationalities per square meter in the world belongs to this historic city in this time period; In the same square, they have fun side by side from Japanese to Brazilian, from Canadian to Australian. However, the biggest crowd in this year’s festival was in Chinese groups; The reason is that the Chinese people who know the opportunity of the Chinese New Year holiday filled the planes and flocked to the city.
On weekends, the square, especially the side streets, is so rude that the police organize pedestrian traffic. It is no surprise that the city is claustrophobic, narrow streets that are no different from the labyrinth where the smell of hot wines are sold with snacks everywhere, and it is no surprise to walk 15 meters in half an hour. Rough street scared your eyes, in this case the most wise solution is to chase a Venetian who knows the back alley like the back of his hand. It is worth mentioning that normal dressed and unmasked people are in the minority compared to those who wear different costumes and masks in the crowd. Covering an area of ??1.5 km in San Marco Square, especially between the photographers trying to capture the best exposure on weekends, elbow elbow is experiencing a full warm contact. After seeing such a huge area of ??hının hınç crowds filling our place, it seems that the Tuesday Bazaar was as comfortable as shopping center and this situation is actually (you may think that we did not reach behind).
When you come to Venice
While you’re up to Venice, you can’t go out and go back without seeing Burano – Murano – Torcello islands. Of course, the most remarkable of these three islands is the smallest Burano. The brightly colored houses that jumped out of the coloring book actually have a purpose according to a story, that is, after centuries we were not painted to use our cameras. The reason for these colors is that even the fishermen who go to the sea can find their way home by choosing these bright colors even from far away. Murano is famous for making glass. In order to prevent the city from burning in a flash, Venice’s glass furnaces moved to Murano Island in the early 1300s. This glasswork has become so special that craftsmen have not been allowed to leave the island for many centuries, so that no one can learn the secret of the glass.
The story of the masks
During this carnival, there is a secret rebellion at the origin of the masks of people. Although it has seen the modern sense of the look has gained in 1979. When the first celebration of the cause of wearing the mask of social class by eliminating the separation of everyone, knowing each other, even though it is thought to be based on the old history of the subject is a single story? a large plague of plague emerges, half of the city’s population of 200,000 at that time is broken by this disease.People become so afraid that even those suspected of plague, even those suspected Based on this, the Venetians use these masks to conceal the scars on their faces. I should add that most of the participants in the carnival costumes and masks are not Venetian or even Italian, they are French.
Types of masks
The masks that are worn at the festival consist of different types, for example, the mask that covers the entire face with the mouth and nose hole completely closed, pointed down and covers the whole face is called aut bauta.. This is the most comfortable type of mask to breathe when worn by users. The most common type of mask is “larva”. It is generally face-shaped and white in color; forgetting larvae. It means a mask in Latin. The colors of the masks that are worn on the face, which only cover the eyes and nose, have different meanings, for example I do not have a white color relationship, I do not have green money, but I am happy, I am happy blue, I am jealous.
Thumbs Up Colors
Every year the carnival has a different theme. A few years ago, this theme was described as “Vivii Colori”, “Long Live Colors”. Those attending the carnival saw that the costume designers did not make this theme unfair and dazzled the reds, light blues, oranges and greens.
The importance of St. Mark’s Square
During the carnival, the best of the costumed participants wandering all the streets, especially San Marco Square with their costumes, are voted first on a giant stage set up in San Marco Square. Speaking of San Marco, it is best to open a small parenthesis. Piazza San Marco, with an area of ??1000 meters to 500 meters, forms the basis of Venice. The square is so important that no square in Venice is called Piazza, and the rest is called Piazzale or Campielli. It was once the Basilica, the largest and richest church in Christianity. San Marco is in this area. The Basilica was called “Chiesa d’Oro ındaki which means Kil Church of the Gold nedeniyle because of its rich exterior design consisting of gilded Byzantine mosaics. There is even a work here that interests us closely. Four legendary horse statues at the entrance to the church were moved from the Arch of Traianus in Rome centuries ago and placed just in front of the Hagia Sophia Mosque in Istanbul. However, the Crusades cost a lot of money to the Byzantine Empire, and after the fourth expedition, these horses were removed from the city, and they found themselves in the Basilica in 1204. The horses seen from the square are copies of their originals that have been moved in to protect them from the wear caused by air pollution.
Located in the square, the Campanile was built in 1173 as a lighthouse and bell tower. After being demolished on July 14, 1902, the day of Saint Mark was opened in its current place in 1912. The five bells in the tower have different functions, the largest of which is called Marangona and reports the start and cognition hours of the working day. The most amazing feature of the 99-meter-high tower is that not every single channel can be seen while every building can be seen from its top. Another surprise about the tower is that it lays a little further each year, as seen in most Italian towers. So a new opponent is coming to the Tower of Pisa quickly. A show that was directly involved in today’s carnival was exhibited here by Volo Dell’Anzolo. At the end of each carnival, an intolerant volunteer would climb a rope suspended from the top of the tower and present the President with a bunch of flowers from the lodge on the first floor of Palazzo Ducale. Since the first person who performed this show was a Turk, this show, formerly known as the Volo Del Turco flight, was called Angel’s Flight in time. When you stop in the square and give your back to the canal, the second tower of the square is Torre Dell’oroglio, which means the Clock Tower. The tower, which was completed in 1506, is so much appreciated that the eyes of the people working in its construction are carved so that they do not do one more.
It is unthinkable that there is no monster in a city surrounded by so much water. Palazzo Ducale, which is located in San Marco Square, is a masterpiece of architecture. After seeing this structure, the famous British writer John Ruskin believed that it was the center of the world yesterday, the main building of Venice, the management council, civil servants, prisons are housed within. The cave beneath this building is also home to the Venetian monster. Around 8 meters in length, the horse-headed, sharp-toothed, snake-like monster emerges in the dark night, grabbing the fishermen or the fish they hunt, and running away. Fortunately, the monster has never been approved since 1933, the date of the last attack.
In 2011, it is seen in a completely different place and form. Gianluca Orazio, who runs water-related projects. It intends to turn this myth into a project and it is decided to design a glass-framed monster with a metal skeleton that matches the narrative characteristics and bring it to water in various places. Naturally, during these site choices, the Lagoon Monster brought back two gün brother ”water cities that could not be separated from each other throughout history. In February 2011, the Lagoon Monster attracted great interest when it was first presented to the protocol and then released to the public in an old cold store in Venice. It is time to introduce Anık Lagün Monster to the eş Sister City yani in Istanbul. After months of work, it was decided that the most suitable place for the monster would be the Basilica, and the Lagoon Monster was moved from the Venetian canals to the dark waters of the Basilica.
It is very difficult to make a weather forecast in Venice, it is possible to see a rain shower outside on the contrary to an internet site where it is predicted that the weather will be sunny and the day will be cloudy. Floods in winter have become an integral part of the city. The biggest flooding occurred in the winter of 1966; sea ??level for 48 hours exactly 2 meters above the season average. In the last century, the city was buried 23 cm further down. Global warming increases the frequency and intensity of raids. In this case, the introduction of technology became inevitable, and the idea of ??building a breakwater at the three main entrances of the lagoon began to be implemented. In the Old Testament, Moses was inspired by the fact that Moses divided the Red Sea into two wands. The barrier consists of 78 300-ton steel covers placed on the ground of the lagoon, and when the water rise level reaches the critical point, the barrier will be lifted by giving air to the covers. This engineering marvelous project, which will give Venice a breath of comfort, is expected to be launched in 2014.